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Twitter: @zhaot2005

Tong Zhao is a Visiting Research Scholar at SGS. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He was a Stanton Nuclear Security Fellow at Harvard’s Kennedy School of Government. He is on the Board of the Asia Pacific Leadership Network for Nuclear Non-Proliferation & Disarmament. Tong Zhao holds a PhD in science, technology, and international affairs from Georgia Institute of Technology, as well as an MA in international relations and a BS in physics from Tsinghua University.

Research Interests

Tong Zhao conducts research on U.S.-China nuclear relationship, exploring measures to reduce the risk of arms race and nuclear conflict. To that end, he examines how domestic political factors affect options for arms control and nonproliferation cooperation between Beijing and Washington and analyzes the impact of cutting-edge technologies such as hypersonic missile, missile defense, and counter-space weapon on the security relationship of major powers. To promote accountable nuclear policy-making, he uses open-source literature to understand the history of nuclear weapon incidents and to raise public awareness of the humanitarian consequences of major power wars and nuclear use in East Asia, including over the Taiwan Strait. He is also interested in studying measures to contain the security impact of North Korea’s growing nuclear capabilities in Northeast Asia.

Publications (2022)

Tong Zhao, Why the United States Should Discuss Mutual Nuclear Vulnerability with China, Chapter 8 in David Santoro (ed.), US-China Mutual Vulnerability: Perspectives on the Debate, Pacific Forum, May 2022, pp. 71-81.

Tong Zhao, China's Approach to Arms Control Verification, Sandia National Laboratories, April 2022.

Talks (2022)

Nuclear rearmament – Re-run of the Arms Race? 35th Asia-Pacific Roundtable, ISIS Malaysia, July 2022

Sanctions and Counter-Sanctions in the Perspective of the Target State, Renmin University, Beijing, July 2022

The U.S.-China Nuclear Relationship: A Chinese Perspective, Nuclear Nonproliferation Education and Research Center, July 2022

US-China Military Competition: Implications for Regional & Global Security, Strafasia Workshop on Contemporary Security Issues, July 2022

Military Spending and Prospect of Arms Control in the Asia Pacific Region, UN Secretary-General's Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters, June 2022

What Role Is There for Nuclear Arms Control in the Asia-Pacific? Workshop on Strengthening the NPT Regime: Priorities for the Future, NTI and APLN, June 2022

Risk of Nuclear Disorder on the Korean Peninsula, The Second Roundtable Forum on Comparative Regionalism and “Crisis and Change of Regional Order” Seminar, Wuhan University, May 2022

War on Ukraine: China’s Domestic and Diplomatic Balancing Act, Chatham House, May 2022

China’s Perspectives on the Ukraine-Russia Conflict, Regional foreign and security policy seminar, May 2022

Geo-Strategic Implications of the Russo-Ukrainian War, CISS Global Forum, May 2022

Possibilities of A Nuclear Weapons Convention, NWC Reset: Frameworks for A Nuclear-Weapon-Free World, April 2022

Nuclear Deterrence -- Theory and Practice in a new reality, Beijing Military Attaché Corp Army Club, Beijing, April 2022

Managing Risk in Nuclear South Asia, Lakshman Kadirgamar Institute of International Relations and Strategic Studies, April 2022

Future of Sino-EU and Sino-US Relations and The Importance of Disarmament in The Context of the US-China “Cold War,” Centre for International Studies and Diplomacy, University of London, April 2022

New Challenges to Maintaining U.S.-China Nuclear Strategic Stability, Sandia National Laboratories, March 2022

Possibilities for Coordination between Germany/Europe and China on the Ukraine War, Chinese-German Dialogue on conflicts in Ukraine, March 2022

China’s Nuclear Modernization and Its Implications, Strategic Multilayer Assessment (SMA), March 2022

Nuclear Policy of China, 2nd International Winter School “Arms Control and Nonproliferation: From Basic to Advanced,” Odessa Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Odessa Mechnikov National University, February 2022

Common Security Policy in the South China Sea, 16th Strategy Conference of Cooperation for Peace, International Peace Bureau, February 2022

Strategic Stability in Northeast Asia, Peninsula Diplomacy Group, Yonsei Institute for Modern Korean Studies and Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, January 2022